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About Us

1. Background

Governments around the world are working hard to improve administrative transparency and advocate civic participation in public policy making. Opening government data will improve inter-organization data exchange, improve administrative efficiency, satisfy requirements of the people, and empower citizens to monitor government operations. Faced by waves of cloud computing and mobile services, the Executive Yuan's 4th phase e-Government  program is aiming at making the most of private sector's limitless innovation, integrating and employing government open data, promoting government data based value added application, and developing cross-agent citizen convenience service program with limited government resources. Government open data may improve administrative transparency, improve citizen living quality, meet industrial requirements, and better government agencies' decision-making quality. Resolution of the 3322 Yuan Meeting asks individual government authorities to look into applications of the publics, consider user side requirements and take machine reading interface necessity into account when making plans. Agencies of the Executive Yuan are now ramping up government open data efforts in steps of "personal and business use of open data", "free service as the norm and paid service as the exception", "large scale, auto, and systematic release and exchange of data" focusing at the 4 policies of "progressively open and people's livelihood priority", "shape up open data guidelines", "advocate sharing platform (Data.gov.tw)" and "service demo, advocacy and promotion". Open data are focused at those ease and enhance living quality of people including food, health, housing, movement, education and entertainment, employment, culture, and economic development. The objective is to empower cross-agency and private sector collaboration and service innovation and create triple wins for the public, government and industry.

 

2. Definition

(1) Open – according to the “Open Definition,” the publication of open works shall meet three criteria: open license, open access, and open format. That is, open to everyone for free access, use, change and share as long as proper citation is made.

(2) Government open data– government agencies release government data, in open format and according to the “Open Definition,” to the public, including individuals, schools, communities, enterprises or government agencies, to download and use as required.

(3) Scope – all kinds of electronic data, including text, data, photo, image, sound and metadata acquired or composed by agencies under their functions which are valid for publication by law.

(4) Open license – Irrevocably permit or allow works be used, re-distributed, modified, divided, edited, non-discriminatorily treated and delivered freely and without purpose as long as it was done with clear citation, original integrity, relevant claims and open source code as well as share in the same manner and without technical restrictions and mutual infringement.

(5) Open access – works shall be provided in its clear status and at reasonable one-shot reproduction costs. In case of the Internet it's better to enable their download free of charge. License compliance required extra information (e.g. list of contributor name required for citation) shall be provided together with the work.

(6) Open format – machine readable, unbroken batch, publicly revealed format specification, and without charges or other restrictions on its uses.

(7) Data set – a group of electronic data being the basic unit of government open data

 

3. Relevant guidelines

(1) The Advanced Action Plan for Open Government Data(English)– lead government agencies to deepen open data, create private sectors' collaboration aimed at improving government governance model, apply data in assisting administration and innovation economy momentum to make Taiwan the global benchmark of open data.

(2) Operational Principle of Government Open Data for Executive Yuan’s Agencies (English)– empower the Executive Yuan and its agencies to open data, combine social resources and creativity to meet the goal of population convenient administration and open and transparent.

(3) The Guidelines for Establishment of Consultative Panel for Government Open Data(Traditional Chinese)– aimed at government open data policies create cross-domain cooperation and communication platform, expand and promote open data, meet the goals of population convenient administration, organize government open data advice team in the Executive Yuan and every unit of the central government down to the secondary tier.

(4) Open Government Data License(Traditional Chinese)– enable the publics' sharing and applying government data, promoting and activating the government data application, combining community creativity to improve government data quality and value, optimize government service quality.

(5) Guidelines of Data Categorization and Paid License Use for Executive Yuan and its Agencies (English)– enable government data categorization and govern its payment items of licensed use with civic contract to further promote government data activation and application.

(6) Essential Requirements for Administrate Open Government Data Datasets(Traditional Chinese)– enable the Executive Yuan and its agencies to implement government open data set management

(7) Dataset metadata standard specifications(Traditional Chinese)– enable data users' accessing required government open data in a convenient, effective and fast manner to practice information resource exchange and value added data application.

(8) Government open data API specifications(Traditional Chinese)– provide unified structure and rules to enable data set metadata sync among open data platforms based on this specification.

(9) Agencies information communication application management guidelines(Traditional Chinese)– to economize information communication application by the Executive Yuan and its agencies, ancillary institutes, schools, SOEs and administrative entities.

(10) Government agencies information procurement request for proposal documents reference(Traditional Chinese)- Request for Proposal (RFP) relevant reference guidelines and documents, and best practice cases, prepare and submit RFPs to individual agencies to improve information procurement efficiency and quality.

(11) Government data quality enhancement mechanism operation guidelines(Traditional Chinese)– improve validity, friendliness, timeliness, and open in proper format of government data to formalize government open data and to assist agencies' shaping up data quality concept and improve availability of government data.

(12) The Operation Guidelines on Consultative Panel for Government Open Data at the Second-Level Agencies of Executive Yuan(English)– design these reference guidelines to exercise the functions of consultative panels for government open data at the second-level agencies of Executive Yuan and assist in individual unit's implementation.

(13) Awarding Program of Quality Certification and Deepen Application of Government Open Data (English)– establish a quality certification and public participation mechanism for encouraging agencies to optimize the operation of open data, to boost incentives, and to enhance the effectiveness of promoting public affairs.

 

4. Key studies and spotlight applications

(1) Key studies

1. A study on the value added business model of government open data

2. Information sharing and joint prosperity: government open data and value added applications

3. Government open data value added application study report

(2) Spotlight applications

Government open data not only can be used by private sectors and lead to beneficial value added applications but also by government agencies to level out the information gap between the population and government and improve government’s governance capacity. See below for some of the open data spotlight application programs:

1.  Rescue information integration service

   Integrate citizen power and network service to collect and release disaster prevention and rescue information to help the population for immediate evacuation and refuge operations.

   Organizer: Ministry of the Interior

2.  Expanded real estate transaction data registration service

   Enhance and better "Real estate transaction data batch registration service" for the public’s unlimited and free of charge use and encourage enterprises to develop more convenient public services.

   Organizer: Ministry of the Interior

3.  Industry financial interface service

   Provide financial ratios, account codes and credit statistics among others based on corporate financial reports, credit balance, credit category, credit use types and default rates to facilitate the public’s investment analysis.

   Organizer: Financial Supervisory Committee

4.  Campus food reassurance: Release data of food ingredients and suppliers of elementary and junior high school lunches for stakeholders' learning about campus food service conditions and lunch service quality, build up food ingredients tracking and traceability information, enable fast food safety incident handling, provide safe and health campus food and beverages.

   Organizer: Ministry of Education

5.  Agricultural products price open

   Provide long-term agricultural products wholesale price data based on their transaction logs to shape up agricultural products price index.

   Organizer: Agricultural Committee, Executive Yuan

6.  Financial information transparency

   Release fiscal data based on MOI's socio-economic database least geospatial statistical area mechanism, combine MOI's Land Information System to present them from a geospatial visualization perspective, integrate MOI's population, industry and commerce, social, education and medical statistics, for use by the public in a diversified manner.

   Organizer: Ministry of Finance

7.  Financial research sampling database services

   Build up financial data study practice field, provide de-identified "financial data sampling file" for the academe, cultivate field practice professionals, study fiscal issues based on actual data, optimize administration and promote industrial upgrading.

   Organizer: Ministry of Finance

8.  Election open data

   Provide 2016 presidential and legislative election information, to enhance transparency of election information, provide more convenient election information through value added private information applications.

   Organizer: Central Election Commission

9.  Census data activation

   Work with Survey and Research Project Center, Humanities and Social Sciences Research Center, Academia Sinica to provide type 1 (de-identified source data) census data to the Academia Sinica, release summarized statistics to the public.

   Organizer: Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan

10. Exercise the right to know environment data

   Integrate environmental, traffic, weather and other cross-domain environmental data, better air quality forecasts with satellite telemetry technology.

   Organizer: Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan

11. Public transport integration data flow service

   Build up public transport data flow standard, establish a one-stop platform for public transport and passenger information, provide cross-vehicle, cross-region, cross-agency and on-demand, compact, integrated services to accelerate developing application of innovative value-added services, meet the publics' demand for diversified public transport and passenger information.

   Organizer: Ministry of Transportation and Communications

12. Civil aviation and land transport seamless convergence services

   Combine passenger transport and instant departure/arrival information, facilitating smooth traffic in the metropolitan area, save passengers transit time and reduce taxi waiting time, avail of transportation carbon pollution emission index.

   Organizer: Ministry of Transportation and Communications

13. Promote cross-domain collaboration of geospatial information platforms

   Integration of public and private graphic data application and collaboration platform with the Taiwan Geospatial One-Stop Portal (TGOS) to offer the private or industry with GIS data flow services, nurture value added industry with global competitiveness.

   Organizer: Ministry of the Interior

14. Residential loan information service

   Combine property buyers' real estate and credit attributes to provide more complete real estate statistics to facilitate private value-added firms in analyzing housing loan demands and financial industry risk management.

   Organizer: Financial Supervisory Committee

15. Driving development of open data service industry

   Build up application show case and data collaboration platform, promote data application development by competition and coaching enterprises to use open data for commercial applications and innovative product development.

   Organizer: Ministry of Economy

16. Create economic business opportunities

   Release credit card transaction data for private firms analyzing people consumption patterns and models, select potential market and plan marketing strategies, work with local industry for cross-industry cross-regional cooperation, thrive local economy and create potential business opportunities.

   Organizer: Financial Supervisory Committee

17. Develop health industry

   Release "Health enhancement statistics annual report" which covers four categories including health status, health impact factors, health care services and performance, and health environment creation to the publics, inspire individual communities to pay attention to people's health, to strengthen the preventive medicine and community health, to achieve health life, reduce health inequality.

   Organizer: Ministry of Health and Welfare

18. Optimize life safety and quality

   Release data of permit on food additives, medicines, medical equipment, drug-containing cosmetics to the publics for developing their own systems or applications, get information about relevant permits from open data, eliminate the need for approval filing and other procedures, to promote food and drug related information business development.

   Organizer: Ministry of Health and Welfare

 

5. Open data relevant activities

In addition to application development, government open data may excite more innovations and solutions to maximize data set benefits through a variety of activities.

(1) Data Jam

  This is usually an activity which invites relevant specialists to address a single subject, review solutions and identify required data, e.g. the Avian Influenza DataJAM by Open Data/TW in 2015.

(2) Hackathon

  This is an activity where program developers, designers and specialists are working together to find solutions on one or more issues or projects, e.g. the Hackathon Taiwan program; the 15th data science Hackathon by the G0V in 2015.

(3) Datapalooza

  This is a Data Jam and Hackathon combined forum. It is held in three stages. Stage 1: find solution and run data mining in a Data Jam model; stage 2: demon solutions found in stage 1; stage 3: identify more problems and present hands-on outcomes in Hackathon model, e.g. the well-known annual Health Datapalooza in America.

 

 6. Relevant resources

(1) Important meetings and resolutions

1.  The 3465 Yuan Meeting resolution, 2015.09.10

2.  The 3435 Yuan Meeting resolution, 2015.02.05

3.  The 3322 Yuan Meeting resolution, 2012.11.08

4.  The 31 NICI Committee meeting, 2012.10.15

5.  The "Open data value adding promotion strategy meeting", Board of Science and Technology, the Executive Yuan, 2012.01.18

(2) The consultative panels for government open data of Executive Yuan and its second level agencies

1.  Consultative panels

(3) Relevant news

1.  Advocate government open data value added application: make good use of creativity from the private sector and develop cross-agency population convenience service (Digital Times, Issue 222, 2012.11.01)

2.  Maximize data application value with structured metadata (2011_e-Government_Special_Report.pdf)

3.  More diversified open data contents lead to more creative services (2011_e-Government_Special_Report.pdf)

4.  Create an earning model-based incentive based on objective of use (2011_e-Government_Special_Report.pdf)

5.  Pave the way and leave "creativity and value added" to the private sector! (2011_e-Government_Special_Report.pdf)

6.  Data "foundable" prioritize open data! (2011_e-Government_Special_Report.pdf)

(4) Useful links

1.  Domestic

2.  Foreign governments

3.  International organizations

4.  Others